Hip osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease that affects the hip joint, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility.
Your hip joint consists of a ball at the top of the thigh bone, which fits into a socket in your pelvis.
The ends of both bones in a joint are covered by a smooth slippery surface, known as cartilage. This is the soft but tough tissue that allows the bones to move against each other without friction.
Everyone’s joints go through a normal cycle of wear and repair during their lifetime. As your joints repair themselves, their shape and structure can gradually change. OA of the hip involves progressive wearing away over time of the smooth, white joint surface cartilage within the joint. This cartilage becomes thinner and the surface of the joint becomes rougher.
As one of the most common forms of arthritis, understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for hip osteoarthritis is crucial for managing the condition effectively and improving the quality of life.
The exact cause of hip osteoarthritis is not always clear, but several factors can contribute to its development:
The symptoms of hip osteoarthritis can vary in severity and may include:
The treatment of hip osteoarthritis aims to alleviate pain, improve joint function, and slow down the progression of the disease.
Treatment options include:
When conservative treatments fail to provide adequate relief, surgical options may be considered:
Can hip osteoarthritis be prevented?
While some risk factors like age and genetics cannot be changed, maintaining a healthy weight, engaging in low-impact exercises, and protecting the hip joint from injuries may help reduce the risk of developing hip osteoarthritis.
Is physical therapy essential for managing hip osteoarthritis?
Yes, physical therapy is an essential component of hip osteoarthritis management. It helps improve joint strength, flexibility, and stability, alleviating pain and enhancing mobility.
How long does it take to recover from total hip replacement surgery?
The recovery time after total hip replacement surgery can vary, but patients typically stay in the hospital for a few days and may require several weeks of physical therapy and rehabilitation before returning to normal activities.
Can I still participate in sports after hip osteoarthritis diagnosis?
Depending on the severity of the condition and your doctor’s recommendations, some low-impact sports or exercises may still be possible. However, high-impact activities that put significant stress on the hip joint should be avoided.
What are the potential complications of hip replacement surgery?
While hip replacement surgery is generally safe, potential complications can include infection, blood clots, implant loosening, dislocation, or nerve or blood vessel damage. Your surgeon will discuss these risks with you before the procedure.
We are a group of established consultants who care about our patients. We cover all the subspecialty areas of orthopaedics:
Meet the team at London Bridge Orthopaedics.
Consultants at London Bridge Orthopaedics provide service for patients with our without private medical insurance.
As an orthopaedic surgeon, Mr Tavakkolizadeh has a passion for sports medicine and has had the privilege of working with athletes from various disciplines. Among the most challenging cases he encounters are upper limb injuries sustained on the rugby field.Read more
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